KEIR RADNEDGE in PARIS —- The fact is simple: voters of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland decided by 51.9pc to 48.1pc to leave the European Union: 17,410,742 to 16,141,241. Only 3.8pc. But enough to trigger a seismic shift in British, European and worldwide politics and finance.

London, Scotland and Northern Ireland voted for Remain, the rest of the country voted for Leave. Prime Minister David Cameron told the Queen he will be resigning as Prime Minister. The Conservative party will have minimal credibility as a continuing government without a General Election.

Cameron: "Proud and honoured" . . . and beaten

Nothing will change immediately in formal, legal terms though the British political mood music will veer sharply to the right.

The British government must, at some stage later this year, apply to enact Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty which triggers the start of formal negotiations to uncouple the UK from the EU. Predictions of how long that may then take vary between two to five years.

Financial confusion

Where Britain ends up is uncertain. Very possibly the UK will step out into the European Free Trade Association whose members, via the European Economic Area Agreement, participate in the EU’s internal market without being members of the EU.

With financial markets in chaos, sterling sliding and a vote registered for ‘Little England’ xenophobia it seems banal to consider the effect on mere sport.

However . . . overall, probably comparatively little. Britain will continue to compete at the Olympic Games; the four British home nations will continue to play football’s World Cup; the clubs will continue to contest the UEFA Champions League and Europa League; it means nothing in terms of the golf and tennis majors, the Ryder Cup and Davis Cup.

Sport not only cuts across delineations of race, religion, conflicting ideologies, national borders and ethnicities but across political preferences and structures.

In terms of UK sport the greatest uncertainty concerns the effect of the decision on professional football and, more specifically, the Premier League. Once the uncoupling has been accomplished, EU players will lose the right to come and go as they (and the clubs) please under the EU’s freedom of movement of labour laws.

At that point (whenever it may be) players under contract would not be affected. However, whether contracts could be renewed is uncertain. Certainly foreign players will not be able to transfer simply to another UK club because such a move would demand a new contract (and work permit).

Work permits

Currently non-EU players must meet certain government criteria; the most important being that they are established internationals for leading nations. More than 300 players in the top two divisions in England and the Scottish elite would fail to meet the current standards.

More than 100 Premier League players would be affected and only 23 of the 180 non-British EU players currently playing in the second division would be granted work permits. None of 53 non-British EU players in the Scottish top division would qualify for a permit on the basis of their international career alone. The same applies for 63 non-British EU players in the English third division and 46 in the fourth.

Most likely, clubs will press government to water down the criteria for the admission of foreign players as part of the national transition to non-EU status.

Simplistically, the certain restrictions on the wholesale import of foreign players will create more opportunities for home-grown English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish players. That would please the successors of Roy Hodgson and Co. It’s an ill wind . . . but of minimal significance in the overall picture.

Prime Minister David Cameroon’s statement:

There can be no doubt about the result. Across the world, people have been watching the choice that Britain has made. I want to reassure those markets that Britain’s economy is fundamentally strong. I would also reassure Brits in European countries and EU citizens living here that there will be no immediate changes in your circumstances.

There will be no initial change in how we can travel, how our services and goods can move. we must now prepare for a negotiation with the EU. This will needed to involve the full participation of the Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish governments to ensure all parts of our United Kingdom are protected and advanced.

Above all this will require strong, determined and committed leadership. I am proud and very honoured to have been the prime minister of this country for six years.

I have always believed we need to confront big decisions not duck them. I fought this campaign in the only way I know how, to say directly and passionately what I think and feel, head, heart and soul.

I held nothing back. I was absolutely clear about my belief that Britain is stronger, safer and better off inside the EU. I made clear the referendum was about this and this along not the future of any single politician, including myself. But the British people made a different decision to take a different path.

As such I think the country requires fresh leadership to take it in this direction. I will do everything I can as prime minister, to steady the ship in the weeks ahead, but I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to the next destination.

This is not a decision I have taken lightly but I do think it is in the national interests to have a period of stability and then the new leadership required.

In my view we should aim to have new prime minister by the start of the Conservative party conference in October, delivering stability will be in important and I will continue in post with my cabinet for the coming months. The cabinet will meet on Monday.

The negotiation with the European Union will need to take place under the next prime minister, and the new prime minister takes the decision about whether to trigger Article 50, the legal process of leaving the EU. I will attend the European Council next week to explain the decision the British people have taken and the decision I have taken.

I love this country and I feel honoured to have served it. And I will do everything I can in future to help this great country succeed.